However, the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005. It was the first attempt to commit industrialized countries (known as Annex 1 signatories) to limit and reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions, while other signatories (non-Annex 1) consisting mostly of developing countries that were not required to restrict their emissions. Tanzania signed the protocol in 2002.
This policy brief specifically examines the GHG emission reduction targets; the proposed adaptation and mitigation measures; Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) implementation readiness; as well as outlines opportunities for enhancing NDC implementation in Tanzania. This brief also provides some relevant policy recommendations for Tanzania.
This policy brief explores on women’s empowerment in Tanzania: Predictors of women’s ability to control their income. The brief has it that a few women (12%) decided on how to spend their money independently, and that a large proportion of women (88%) made joint spending decisions with their spouses. It finds out that women with […]
This policy brief explores on tax capacity and effort in Tanzania. The brief has it that Tanzania is utilizing less than half its potential tax capacity. Not only does the income tax category has more potential than the other tax categories but also has the lowest effort in tax revenue collection. It also underscores that […]
This policy brief explores on the Performance of Tax Revenues in Tanzania. The brief has it that the performance of Tanzania’s Tax revenue collection is below the recorded averages in Sub- Saharan Africa, SADC, and East Africa. Income tax and VAT jointly contribute around two-thirds of the country’s tax revenues. It also explores that the […]
This policy brief explores on Tanzania’s budget deficit as it rose 15-fold from TZS 0.4 trillion to TZS 6 trillion between 1999/00 and 2020/21. The brief has it that generally, the budget deficit has been financially manageable as the country’s debt service has not exceeded the economy’s ability to continuously fund it. However, the consequences […]