The Case of Ilala Municipality, Dar-es-Salaam
This study investigates the constraints that urban youth face in their quest for employment in the urban mainstream economy. RAWG (2012) warns that the unincorporated informal enterprises created by rural-to-urban youth migrants will result in the creation of informal urban enterprises with low levels of labour productivity. These informal enterprises will limit the prospects for the country to develop a more diversified economy (from agriculture), where industry, through MSMEs (micro and small enterprises), will play a larger role in the economy. RAWG (2012) argues for business formalisation – i.e. including legal and regulatory frameworks (licensing, business formalisation, access to business premises, and taxes), infrastructure (transport, energy, and ICT), registration of land, access to finance, building a culture of enterprise, and provision of business support services – to rectify this situation.
The overall objective of this research project is to identify institutional bottlenecks that limit competitiveness and enterprise development in the productive sectors– and the enabling policy framework to address them effectively. Specifically, the research project will seek to undertake three objectives, namely (i) Analysis of the institutional framework for enterprisedevelopment and competitiveness; (ii) Analysis of […]
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
Youth unemployment has become the biggest development challenge in Tanzania. Young people have few opportunities to learn skills so as to help them start and sustain their established micro and small enterprises and, therefore, the majority of youth-owned enterprises do not survive beyond one year. This research aimed at assessing the youth skills landscape and […]
Analysis of farm and non-farm occupational choices among youth in rural Tanzania The agricultural sector in rural Tanzania is practiced more by elderly people than by the youth. This study examined the determinants of youth occupational choice between farming and non-farming in rural Tanzania. Specifically, the study intended to establish the trend of farming and […]