This paper provides new evidence on the pattern of local and imported
supplies to different health sectors and via different supply chains in Tanzania. It shows that around 16% of the medicines found on shelves from our tracer sample had been manufactured in Tanzania; about 15% came from Kenya; and nearly 70% were from outside East Africa, mainly India. Medical supplies traced from Tanzania were mainly basic commodities. All medical equipment, more complex supplies such as syringes and test kits, and other basics such as bandages, were imported. In general, the relatively low technical level of manufacturing in Tanzania was felt by health sector
stakeholders to be constraining local supplies to the health sector.
Since the introduction of the Skills Development Levy (SDL) in Tanzania, the financing of skills training has been contested. The private sector has raised concerns about the size of the levy and the usefulness of training provided by VET centres, and has accused the government of misallocation and misuse of the raised levy. Lack of […]
The gap between national export premium and foreign-ownership premium is stronger in manufacturing firms as opposed to service sectors. Moreover, we find clear and strong productivity premia in size, training programmes and level of development in the manufacturing firms. In the services sector, these premia are always smaller and only significant for medium-sized firms. There […]
The aim of this paper is twofold. Building on Andreoni (2018), we first aim to evaluate the current incentive structures that cause existing inefficiencies and encourage rule-breaking behaviour. Second, we seek to test empirically a number of institutional design strategies for the sector that would better align the incentives of private- and public-sector stakeholders and […]
Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?
The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one of the leading producers and exporters of natural gas in the coming decade. However, 88 percent of poor Tanzanians live in rural areas and two-thirds […]