This paper establishes empirical evidence related to correlation and causality between economic growth (as measured by GDP per capita) and under-five malaria mortality in Tanzania Mainland. The goal is to contribute knowledge on the existing relationship between economic growth and under-five malaria mortality. Correlation and scatter regression analysis plot were employed to find out the relationship among the (GDP per Capita), Insecticides Treated Nets (ITNs) distributed, Human Resources (physicians and nurses) and under-five malaria mortality from the year 2004 to 2015. Moreover, Granger Causality test was applied to test the causal link between the economic growth and under-five malaria Mortality. The economic growth (as measured by GDP per Capita) and number of ITNs distributed under various malaria campaigns have significant unidirectional causality to under-five malaria mortality while there is no causality evidence between human resource for health (physicians and nurses) and under-five malaria mortality despite the observed correlation relationship. Since economic growth and ITNs have a unidirectional causal link with under-five malaria mortality, it implies that any changes in GDP per Capita and ITNs will change under-five malaria mortality. The researchers and policymakers need to gather more evidence on ITNs and economic growth to assess the risk of under-five malaria mortality to inform decision making.
Do Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Mental Health? Evidence From Tanzania’s Governmental Social Protection Program
Cash transfer interventions broadly improve the lives of the vulnerable, making them exceedingly popular. However, evidence of impacts on mental health is limited, particularly for conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs. We examined the impacts of Tanzania’s government-run CCT program on depressive symptoms of youth aged 14-28. Despite no overall intervention effects, results suggest that receiving […]
This article is proposing a regime-oriented approach to explain the variation on the African continent. Democracies, party-based regimes, and military regimes are surely different from each other, but they have a degree of depersonalisation in common that is not found in personalist regimes. For the latter type, term limits are a question of regime survival.Personalist […]
Although there seems to be a consensus that a resource curse often exists (with the notable exceptions of Brunnschweiler and Bulte (2008) and van der Ploeg and Poelhekke (2010)), the empirical literature faces greater challenges in establishing why natural resource wealth is often associated with undesirable outcomes, because cross-country comparisons are plagued with endogeneity issues […]
A Case Study of Mtwara, Lindi and Dar es Salaam Regions This paper examines the citizen’s trust in government and their willingness to pay taxes to improve public goods and services in Tanzania. We use a logit model to estimate the effect of government trust on willingness to pay taxes on improved public goods/services. Chi-square […]