Perspectives on Development Risks and Opportunities from the Global South
Emerging and developing countries have grown faster than advanced countries since the 2000s. This shifting weight of global economic activity from ‘the West’ to ‘East and South’ is referred to as ‘shifting wealth’. But in recent years, several factors, such as lower commodity prices, seem to have brought this movement to a pause. Is the period of rapid growth in the emerging world over? This anthology takes stock of the situation and goes beyond the ‘shifting wealth’ narrative. It offers a forward-looking perspective on global risks and development opportunities over the next 15 years. It collects the perspectives of thought leaders from developing and emerging economies, offering their views and solutions on the most pressing global development challenges. The first chapter provides the OECD Development Centre’s analysis of major development trends. These trends include slowing growth in China, the end of the commodity supercycle, increasing difficulty accessing global financial markets, demographic transitions, faltering job creation, rapid urbanisation, the negative effects of climate change and conflict and security. These challenges also provide development opportunities. Twelve thought leaders and development practitioners from the global South explore these opportunities in four thematic chapters. They deal with issues such as: structural transformation in a new macro environment; inclusive societies; energy and the environment; and new forms of development co-operation. The anthology provides a starting point for dialogue and exchange on these risks and challenges as well as potential solutions to them.
Youth Transformation from School to Work in Tanzania
A Case Study of the Vocational Education and Training in Tanzania (VETA) The economic downturn and declining social sector performance in the period 1980-1995 have substantially influenced the debate on skills supply and demand in Tanzania. The downturn saw a substantial decline in the key skills indicator of literacy that had reached a high of […]
Empowering Women in Tanzania
IN THE CONTEXT OF CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL POLICY REFORMS The policy focus on women empowerment has gathered traction lately partly as a result of encouraging the growth of the world economy, a renewed focus on inequality, and the initial success of large-scale income and livelihoods social programmes. Efforts aiming at empowerment have largely been distributional, characterised […]
Agricultural Policy and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania
This book focuses on a selected number of policy interventions in the agricultural sector with the view to determining factors that have supported or constrained the success of these interventions in poverty reduction which is the main objective of development initiatives and interventions in Tanzania.
An Institutional account of public service reforms
A Case Study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This research examines the role of civic engagement in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation in Tanzania. This issue is timely because, after more than a decade of implementing civic engagement reforms, little is known on how the public participates in […]