Mwalimu Julius Nyerere the founder President of Tanzania, devoted most of his policies and efforts to rural development through the policy of Ujamaa whose objective was the emancipation of the poor from abject poverty and deprivation. He abolished feudal tenure and steered the promulgation of the Arusha Declaration in 1967 as a blue print for socialist state driven development. Its implementation started with villages settlements which were self-directing and voluntary but when the pace of voluntarism became slow force was used to move people into planned villages. The policy failed to achieve optimum results for several reasons. First as people were moved from their traditional habitats, they lost motivation to work. Secondly, the implementation shifted from participatory to coercive approaches which led to resentment. Third while the President was committed to equality and grassroots based participation, his implementers believed in top down prescriptive and bureaucratic approaches. Fourth, the policy was predicated on assumption of communalism and collectivism as inherent features of African systems of production and distribution while those practices were already surpassed by the emergence of commodity production and capitalism even before colonial invasions. Due to these and other factors, Ujamaa policy neither reduced poverty nor did it increase prosperity for the poor or the country as a whole.This book focuses on the role of rural development policy and its contribution to poverty reduction in Tanzania. It has seven chapters starting with an introduction on Ujamaa policy; chapter two on the role of education in creating capacity for innovation among smallholder farmers and chapter three on the introduction of tiller technology in selected districts and challenges that limited its adoption and diffusion. Chapter four analyses three phases of targeted input subsidies to farmers and the success and challenges of this policy in each phase. Chapter five is about the tobacco value chain in Tanzania and the future of this crop in the light of international regulations and competition. Chapter six compares the development and management of cashew value chains in Vietnam with and Tanzania. Chapter seven uses two case studies to indicate conditions that make it possible for state and civil society organizations to work together on poverty alleviation
This is the first of a five-part series of policy briefs presenting findings of a research study the “Implications of EU-EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on Tanzania.” The study is part of a broader research and capacity building project “Targeted support to strengthen capacity of policy makers, exporters, and trade associations to assess and review trade and related economic policies to promote trade competitiveness and diversification for widening trading opportunities with the EU’’ implemented by REPOA and ISS-Erasmus – funded by the European Union (EU) through the EU-ACP TradeCom II Programme. Its contents are the sole responsibility of REPOA and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union, the EU-ACP TradeCom II Programme or ISS-Erasmus.
This policy brief assesses rice production and consumption in Tanzania, the cultivated area of rice and yields obtained. It also presents the market dynamics of the rice sub-sector by assessing its exports, imports as well as its prices in the domestic and international market. Lastly, it presents challenges hindering trade competitiveness and provides policy recommendations […]
This policy brief aims at assessing learning outcomes by looking at inputs, commitments and competencies of service providers in the education and health sectors. The survey was conducted in two rounds in 2014 and 2016/17. The two surveys had been preceded by a pilot conducted in 2010 in Tanzania and Senegal, which allows Tanzania to […]
The Internet has the potential to improve public administration, servicedelivery, and citizen engagement (Castells, 2009; Chadwick, 2006,2013). In the early 2000s, the Tanzania government adopted onlinegovernment information provision and established the technicalstandards and guidelines for government websites in 2014 (UnitedRepublic of Tanzania, 2014). E-information stands for provision ofinformation via government websites and social media pages. […]