Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. Most such strategies have supported farmers by subsidizing either producer and/or consumers’ prices. In this regard, the government of Tanzania renewed interest in transforming its agricultural sector, particularly in recent years. This has led to an increase in the involvement of various development partners both domestic and external. One such effort is the National Agricultural Input Voucher Scheme (NAIVS)
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]
This policy brief highlights some key aspects of institutional and legal frameworks guiding the central-local relations in Tanzania Mainland. The past decades have seen a major set of initiatives by the central government to reform and modernize its local governments. Although there are specific policy and legal reforms, there has been a strong trend towards […]