The growing rural-to-urban migration, which is dominated by young people aged 15–35, is increasing the urban youth unemployment rate and driving the escalation of urban poverty in Tanzania.1 Using the national definition, the employment rate for urban youth aged 15–24 and 25–35 was 39.1 per cent and 69.5 per cent, respectively, in 2006 (NBS, 2007: 24). In Dar-es-Salaam, the country’s main urban centre, the total unemployment rate for those aged 15 and above was 31.5 per cent. Urban unemployment rates are consistently and significantly higher in urban areas compared to the national average of 11.7 per cent. Youth unemployment rates were also higher among those aged 15–24 (14.9 per cent) and 25–34 (11.8 per cent), versus those aged 35–64 (9.6 per cent) and 65 and above (9.2 per cent).
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
This paper investigates the leather value chain in Tanzania. Tanzania has large livestock production that potentially provides raw materials for the leather industry but the contribution of the leather industry in the economy is remarkably minimal. Analysis finds that challenges related to inadequate livestock management, limited coordination of downstream and upstream activities, low capacity utilisation […]
Property taxation in Tanzania is one among sources that the government can potentially and largely use to widen its tax base and increase revenue collection. Being directly visible to taxpayers, by design it is relatively easier from the taxpayers’ perspective to easily link the collected revenue to improved provision of local services. Thus, property tax […]
The global economy has encountered a slowdown in growth and capital flows in the last few years. The global downturn has in part been a product of lower than expected growth from some of the leading economies, mainly China and the European Union, geopolitical friction, trade disputes, disruptive weather patterns and a declining demand for […]