Seizing a major opportunity: industrial development with health sector benefits Local manufacturers in Tanzania are not sharing in the large and expanding market for health-related commodities. The health sector buys medicines and other supplies such as cotton wool, protective gloves, syringes, diagnostic test kits, laboratory supplies, medical equipment, and infection control items such as soap and disinfectant. Imports soared to over USD 350 million in 2013, with donor funding, but a small rise in exports has petered out (see Figure). REPOA’s 2013 research found that just 16% of medicines and 22% of other health supplies were made locally (Tibandebage et al. 2014). Local firms supply a declining share of medicines (Wangwe et al. 2014) and a narrow range of other supplies including bed nets, bedsheets and mattresses, topical products such as white spirit, medical furniture and cleaning products (Israel et al. 2014)
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]