This paper explores the concept of economic transformation and investigates its relevance to present-day policy debates in Tanzania. This paper, therefore, is conceptual in nature and starts by taking a critical look at a homemade definition of economic transformation. It then presents a brief literature review of the concept of economic transformation and its relation to growth by making a distinction between successful and failed transformations. More specifically, it argues that historical experiences show that there is not a unique process of transformation, but rather a variety of contrastive pathways depending on whether or not they lead to the cumulative convergence or divergence of productivities across the different sectors of the economy.
Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?
The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one of the leading producers and exporters of natural gas in the coming decade. However, 88 percent of poor Tanzanians live in rural areas and two-thirds […]
This study has explored how quality issues in delivering family planning services (supply side), and attitudinal and behavioural issues of the potential users (demand side) merge together to influence adoption of family planning methods. The subject was explored by blending Bruce’s (1990) quality of care of family planning services framework with an access framework with […]
We use methods developed by the Commitment to Equity and data from the 2011/12 Household Budget Survey to assess the effects of government taxation, social spending, and indirect subsidies for poverty and inequality in Tanzania. We also simulate several policy reforms to assess their distributional consequences. We find that Tanzania redistributes more than expected given […]
The Invisibility of Wage Employment in Statistics on the Informal Economy in Africa: Causes and Consequences
Through a Tanzanian case study, this paper challenges the claim, along with the statistics that support it, that self-employment is the dominant employment status in the informal economy. The paper begins by reviewing key insights from the relevant literature on the informal economy to argue that conventional notions of ‘wage employment’ and ‘self-employment’, while unfit […]