A case study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after more than a decade of implementing civic engagement reforms little is known of how: One, the public participates in the formulation of the reforms and in implementation processes, and Two, the influence, if any, of the community on service provision. The study adopted a case study of water and sanitation of Kawe ward, a local authority area in Kinondoni, Tanzania. It drew on the literatures on public service reforms, civic engagement and historical institutionalism to provide an in-depth, qualitative, rich description of public service reforms, civic engagement and the interactions between civic and organisational actors in defining the provision of water and sanitation services in the case study area. Fieldwork for the study was conducted between March and July 2014. Overall, the study established the following two key findings: – Policy prescriptions for civic engagement in water and sanitation are less than clear. Profound rule ambiguities define the institutional frameworks and processes that produce mixed effects on how civic engagement influences service provision in water and sanitation. – Reform design in water and sanitation in Tanzania suggests that not enough collective attention has been paid to the conditions required to make civic engagement and other wider reforms in more effective. This study makes a contribution to the public service reforms and civic engagement literatures by analysing the political and practical complexities underpinning the implementation of civic engagement reforms. It recommends that policy stakeholders, particularly the state, need to review the institutions for civic engagement in a bid to resolve these ambiguities through improved specificity, clarity and resources that will improve the attainment of common objectives in water and sanitation.
This policy brief assesses rice production and consumption in Tanzania, the cultivated area of rice and yields obtained. It also presents the market dynamics of the rice sub-sector by assessing its exports, imports as well as its prices in the domestic and international market. Lastly, it presents challenges hindering trade competitiveness and provides policy recommendations […]
This policy brief aims at assessing learning outcomes by looking at inputs, commitments and competencies of service providers in the education and health sectors. The survey was conducted in two rounds in 2014 and 2016/17. The two surveys had been preceded by a pilot conducted in 2010 in Tanzania and Senegal, which allows Tanzania to […]
The Internet has the potential to improve public administration, servicedelivery, and citizen engagement (Castells, 2009; Chadwick, 2006,2013). In the early 2000s, the Tanzania government adopted onlinegovernment information provision and established the technicalstandards and guidelines for government websites in 2014 (UnitedRepublic of Tanzania, 2014). E-information stands for provision ofinformation via government websites and social media pages. […]
This policy brief assesses trade development and competitiveness of the leather value chain in Tanzania, focusing on market competitiveness and production capacity. It also assesses the challenges hindering the trade competitiveness of the leather industry and provides recommendations on how to boost the trade competitiveness of the leather sector given that Tanzania has a significant […]