A case study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after more than a decade of implementing civic engagement reforms little is known of how: One, the public participates in the formulation of the reforms and in implementation processes, and Two, the influence, if any, of the community on service provision. The study adopted a case study of water and sanitation of Kawe ward, a local authority area in Kinondoni, Tanzania. It drew on the literatures on public service reforms, civic engagement and historical institutionalism to provide an in-depth, qualitative, rich description of public service reforms, civic engagement and the interactions between civic and organisational actors in defining the provision of water and sanitation services in the case study area. Fieldwork for the study was conducted between March and July 2014. Overall, the study established the following two key findings: – Policy prescriptions for civic engagement in water and sanitation are less than clear. Profound rule ambiguities define the institutional frameworks and processes that produce mixed effects on how civic engagement influences service provision in water and sanitation. – Reform design in water and sanitation in Tanzania suggests that not enough collective attention has been paid to the conditions required to make civic engagement and other wider reforms in more effective. This study makes a contribution to the public service reforms and civic engagement literatures by analysing the political and practical complexities underpinning the implementation of civic engagement reforms. It recommends that policy stakeholders, particularly the state, need to review the institutions for civic engagement in a bid to resolve these ambiguities through improved specificity, clarity and resources that will improve the attainment of common objectives in water and sanitation.
Does obtaining a lot of schooling guarantee a quick transition to employment? Evidence from TVET graduates in Tanzania
This brief assesses the effect of the length of schooling on how long a Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) graduate spends unemployed. The analysis is motivated by observations that despite some 800,000 to 1,000,000 of graduates entering the labour market in Tanzania every year (NBS, 2015), on average the economy creates only about 250,000 […]
Muhtasari huu unatoa taswira fupi ya tathmini ya mchango wa ushirikishwaji wa wananchi katika mifumo badilifu ya utoaji wa huduma za maji safi na maji taka (WATSAN) nchini Tanzania. Tathmini hii imefanyika katika wakati muafaka ambapo pamoja na kuwa na zaidi ya muongo mmoja wa utekelezaji wa maboresho ya sera ya maji, machache yanafahamika kuhusu: […]
Case Studies of Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania Tanzania’s policy path has been characterized by institutional reforms aimed at increasing efficiency and productivity in key sectors of the economy. This brief examines the potential of various forms of institutional innovations in building competitiveness of smallholder agriculture in Tanzania. Evidence used shows that while some policies and […]
Hii ni taarifa fupi itokanayo na utafiti wa kitaalam kuhusu mchango wa mfumo rasmi na usiorasmi wa elimu, na upatikanaji wa ardhi na mikopo kwa uzalishaji kwenye kilimo Tanzania katika maeneo ya vijijini. Uchambuzi uliofanywa unasisitiza umuhimu wa elimu rasmi na ile isiyo rasmi, upatikanaji wa ardhi, na uzoefu wa muda mrefu wa stadi za […]