Background to the study: Agriculture is the leading sector of the Tanzanian economy and the most critical for inclusive pro-poor growth. Agriculture provides employment for more than three-quarters of the population, accounts for 75% of the country’s exports, and contributes almost 50% to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Cocoa was introduced into Tanzania in the 1950s and was being grown commercially within a decade. Although it tends to be considered a relatively minor non-traditional cash crop, it currently supports an estimated 25,000 farmers and their families (or around 100,000 people). At the moment, around 80% of the country’s crop comes from a single district – Kyela in Mbeya region – where conditions for cocoa cultivation are near perfect. The majority of plants are grown there in organic conditions, by smallholders on plots well below a hectare, and sold directly from farms for export. The distinctive flavour of Tanzanian cocoa has recently been attracting the attention of the international cocoa world, but much is still needed for the country’s crop to reach its full potential.
The overall objective of this research project is to identify institutional bottlenecks that limit competitiveness and enterprise development in the productive sectors– and the enabling policy framework to address them effectively. Specifically, the research project will seek to undertake three objectives, namely (i) Analysis of the institutional framework for enterprisedevelopment and competitiveness; (ii) Analysis of […]
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
Youth unemployment has become the biggest development challenge in Tanzania. Young people have few opportunities to learn skills so as to help them start and sustain their established micro and small enterprises and, therefore, the majority of youth-owned enterprises do not survive beyond one year. This research aimed at assessing the youth skills landscape and […]
Analysis of farm and non-farm occupational choices among youth in rural Tanzania The agricultural sector in rural Tanzania is practiced more by elderly people than by the youth. This study examined the determinants of youth occupational choice between farming and non-farming in rural Tanzania. Specifically, the study intended to establish the trend of farming and […]