A Research Agenda Tanzania has since the 1990s undertaken a comprehensive reform agenda focusing on several areas including macro-fiscal and public financial management policies that address systems and processes that form fiscal structures. This focus had as its broad objective to contribute to the achievement of macroeconomic stability and sustainable and inclusive growth and poverty reduction, within a framework of fiscal sustainability. While the objectives of fiscal policy are similar across countries, country specifics make it necessary to have fiscal frameworks that take into consideration specific country characteristics and challenges. In the Tanzanian case critical challenges around revenue, expenditure, financing and debt management have been prominent in the process in view of their importance in achieving macroeconomic development and social needs. Thus, some areas of focus have included macro-fiscal targets such as debt-to-GDP, tax-to-GDP, and expenditure-to-GDP. The focus has also been on openness in the budget process to enhance transparency and accountability, and on fiscal decentralization as it relates to the inter-governmental fiscal relations. The understanding has been that having a good framework in place provides the foundation for good budgeting including its credibility and sound fiscal policies that ensure fiscal sustainability and macroeconomic stability, with a view to bringing about overall development to the country.
The overall objective of this research project is to identify institutional bottlenecks that limit competitiveness and enterprise development in the productive sectors– and the enabling policy framework to address them effectively. Specifically, the research project will seek to undertake three objectives, namely (i) Analysis of the institutional framework for enterprisedevelopment and competitiveness; (ii) Analysis of […]
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
Youth unemployment has become the biggest development challenge in Tanzania. Young people have few opportunities to learn skills so as to help them start and sustain their established micro and small enterprises and, therefore, the majority of youth-owned enterprises do not survive beyond one year. This research aimed at assessing the youth skills landscape and […]
Analysis of farm and non-farm occupational choices among youth in rural Tanzania The agricultural sector in rural Tanzania is practiced more by elderly people than by the youth. This study examined the determinants of youth occupational choice between farming and non-farming in rural Tanzania. Specifically, the study intended to establish the trend of farming and […]