Who should make MPs and councillors do their jobs?
One of the critical challenges facing African countries today is how to make governments work for the people – using resources at their disposal efficiently, delivering public goods and services, and guaranteeing an equitable distribution of opportunities and national income among citizens. In many places, systems of checks and balances have not lived up to expectations in making state institutions deliver such public goods. As a result, citizen participation in government oversight is now recognized as almost indispensable. In representative democracies, citizens elect politicians at predefined intervals, who then take on the role of overseeing the executive. Members of Parliament (MPs) are one such group, along with local government councilors and, as chief of the executive, the president. Since these politicians obtain their mandate from voters through elections, they should be answerable primarily to the voters. In fact, with weaknesses in the functioning of horizontal checks and balances, the primacy of voters in holding their elected leaders to account cannot be overstated.
Survey findings provide citizens’ perspectives that can be compared to official UN indicators tracking progress on 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
At a glance Direction of the country: A majority of Tanzanians believe the country is going in the right direction and the government is handling the economy well. Country’s economic situation: The share of Tanzanians who say the country’s economic situation has improved has almost doubled. But only one in three describe their personal living […]
Towards enhanced competitiveness and export diversification of the seaweed industry along the Zanzibar-Pemba Export Corridor
This policy brief examines recent developments in seaweed value chains, particularly the constraints undermining and opportunities for enhancing the competitiveness of the seaweed sub-sector along the Zanzibar-Pemba corridor. The policy brief proffers recommendations and measures to resolve the constraints and improve the competitiveness of the seaweed sub-sector as well as diversify its export base to […]
In successive Afrobarometer survey rounds, more than seven of 10 Tanzanians have said they feel free to say what they think, placing Tanzania near the top among African countries in perceived freedom of speech. The Tanzanian news media environment, however, is only partly free, according to Freedom House assessments, and recent years have witnessed extensive […]