This brief examines how the process of decentralization by devolution in Tanzania affects local democracy and the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery. The most common arguments for democratic decentralization in the literature are two, an efficiency argument and a normative argument. The efficiency argument is based on the fact that knowledge about needs and challenges in the local communities, and thereby the ability to act on that knowledge, is embedded better at the local administrative level. Local governments can interact better with local citizens than central governments due to their geographic proximity. People’s demands and needs are channelled to public officials more easily than in a centralized system. The normative argument for decentralization is one of democracy: true decentralization involves the devolution of real power: elected local councils can decide over the allocation of resources in their respective units. In that way, people can decide how local resources should be spent and hence they can influence decisions about resource allocation that have a direct impact on their lives.
The effects of institutional bottlenecks on
enterprise development and competitiveness in
productive sectors in Tanzania
This policy brief flags areas of crucial policy concerns in the context of the prevailing legal and regulatory framework for enterprise development and competitiveness. It draws on analyses and findings from REPOA’s Research Project on Institutional Analysis of Enterprise Development and Competitiveness (EDC) in Tanzania. The research draws on analyses of primary and secondary data […]
Uwezeshaji wa Wananawake Kwenye Uzalishaji,Utafutaji wa Kipato, Umiliki wa Raslimali na Uongozi KupitiaMpango wa Kukuza Uwezo wa Kaya Maskini (PSSN)
Kitabu kinachohusu Uwezeshaji wa Wanawake Tanzania kama sehemu ya Sera za Kudumisha Ustawi wa Jamii (Empowering Women in Tanzania in the Contexts of Contemporary Social Policy) kimetolewa na REPOA kwa madhumuni ya kutoa uchambuzi wa kisera, matukio na taasisi ambazo ni sehemu ya mihimili ya jitihada za serikali za kuwawezesha wanawake Tanzania. Dokezo hili linatoa […]
This brief summarises the theoretical chapters in the book on Youth Transition from School to Work: A Case Study of VETA in Tanzania whose aim is to increase understanding about the barriers to youth employment and transition to work in the context of Tanzania’s new industrialization drive. The brief concentrates on key factors that influence […]
This brief summarises results from a study that assessed the extent to which social assistance offered by TASAF through the PSSN contributes to the empowerment of women in terms of increasing their economic, political and social influence on their lives, their households and their communities.