Poverty reduction has been a difficult milestone for Tanzania to achieve despite recording remarkable economic growth over the past decade. This is because the attained growth is not inclusive, in that sectors contributing to this growth employ fewer people. Given the fact that agriculture continues to employ the majority of people in Tanzania, efforts to improve livelihoods should necessarily be geared towards transforming the sector. It is in this context that using a sample of 3,000 farmers from 13 regions of Tanzania; this Tanzania, this study set out to examine challenges facing farmers and their respective solutions following the sustainable livelihood framework. Findings show that improving farmers’ livelihoods would entail concerted efforts by the government to avail to farmers, quality and affordable seeds, fertilizer, agricultural infrastructures, subsidies, extension services, markets, information alert, affordable loans, and areas for pastures. This implies that the government needs to allocate enough funds to the agricultural sector if farmers’ needs are to be met. We note, however, that government’s allocation to the sector has alarmingly generally been exhibiting a declining trend for the past four years. It is against this background that we strongly recommend that the government rethinks its position and prioritize the agricultural sector in its budget.
Do Conditional Cash Transfers Improve Mental Health? Evidence From Tanzania’s Governmental Social Protection Program
Cash transfer interventions broadly improve the lives of the vulnerable, making them exceedingly popular. However, evidence of impacts on mental health is limited, particularly for conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs. We examined the impacts of Tanzania’s government-run CCT program on depressive symptoms of youth aged 14-28. Despite no overall intervention effects, results suggest that receiving […]
This article is proposing a regime-oriented approach to explain the variation on the African continent. Democracies, party-based regimes, and military regimes are surely different from each other, but they have a degree of depersonalisation in common that is not found in personalist regimes. For the latter type, term limits are a question of regime survival.Personalist […]
Although there seems to be a consensus that a resource curse often exists (with the notable exceptions of Brunnschweiler and Bulte (2008) and van der Ploeg and Poelhekke (2010)), the empirical literature faces greater challenges in establishing why natural resource wealth is often associated with undesirable outcomes, because cross-country comparisons are plagued with endogeneity issues […]
A Case Study of Mtwara, Lindi and Dar es Salaam Regions This paper examines the citizen’s trust in government and their willingness to pay taxes to improve public goods and services in Tanzania. We use a logit model to estimate the effect of government trust on willingness to pay taxes on improved public goods/services. Chi-square […]