The last two decades have seen Tanzania implement important reforms of its tax system in search for more reliable financing for development, other than foreign aid. Thanks to these efforts, revenue raised domestically has grown noticeably, from 12.2 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in fiscal year 1997/8 to 17.8 percent of GDP in 2011/12. Nonetheless, spending growth has outpaced revenue growth considerably. In 2011/12 public spending as a share of GDP stood at 31.2 percent, compared to 15.2 percent in 1997/98 (IMF, 2000; IMF, 2012) implying a much larger tax—spending gap today than a decade ago.
Survey findings provide citizens’ perspectives that can be compared to official UN indicators tracking progress on 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
At a glance Direction of the country: A majority of Tanzanians believe the country is going in the right direction and the government is handling the economy well. Country’s economic situation: The share of Tanzanians who say the country’s economic situation has improved has almost doubled. But only one in three describe their personal living […]
Towards enhanced competitiveness and export diversification of the seaweed industry along the Zanzibar-Pemba Export Corridor
This policy brief examines recent developments in seaweed value chains, particularly the constraints undermining and opportunities for enhancing the competitiveness of the seaweed sub-sector along the Zanzibar-Pemba corridor. The policy brief proffers recommendations and measures to resolve the constraints and improve the competitiveness of the seaweed sub-sector as well as diversify its export base to […]
In successive Afrobarometer survey rounds, more than seven of 10 Tanzanians have said they feel free to say what they think, placing Tanzania near the top among African countries in perceived freedom of speech. The Tanzanian news media environment, however, is only partly free, according to Freedom House assessments, and recent years have witnessed extensive […]