Challenges, Prospects & Policy Options for Tanzania Assessing competitiveness of such a dynamic sector as Manufacturing can be a daunting task, not least because of the various issues that need to be taken into consideration in its definition, measurement and profiles. This study has attempted to define and measure the competitiveness of Tanzanian Manufacturing sector within a small set of indicators and informed by the context of the study based on its Terms of reference. Overall, we find that the level of Tanzania’s manufacturing competitiveness has been improving gradually since 2007 in two ways. First, based on the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), Tanzania has been performing strongly in areas of macroeconomic environment and institutions. Second and more importantly, productivity within the industrial manufacturing sector has been improving, albeit at a small extent. However, in both of these aspects, our analysis identified areas where Tanzania has continued to perform poorly or factors holding Tanzania’s ability to leapfrog in competitiveness space. For instance, from the GCI, Tanzania scores low in innovation and sophistication factors, higher education and training. Furthermore, reflecting low export capacity, Tanzania is positioned among the bottom countries in our MECI estimation falling behind Rwanda and Kenya.
The overall objective of this research project is to identify institutional bottlenecks that limit competitiveness and enterprise development in the productive sectors– and the enabling policy framework to address them effectively. Specifically, the research project will seek to undertake three objectives, namely (i) Analysis of the institutional framework for enterprisedevelopment and competitiveness; (ii) Analysis of […]
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
Youth unemployment has become the biggest development challenge in Tanzania. Young people have few opportunities to learn skills so as to help them start and sustain their established micro and small enterprises and, therefore, the majority of youth-owned enterprises do not survive beyond one year. This research aimed at assessing the youth skills landscape and […]
Analysis of farm and non-farm occupational choices among youth in rural Tanzania The agricultural sector in rural Tanzania is practiced more by elderly people than by the youth. This study examined the determinants of youth occupational choice between farming and non-farming in rural Tanzania. Specifically, the study intended to establish the trend of farming and […]