By using growth incidence curves and pseudo-cohort analysis, we show that Tanzania’s growth from 2001 to 2007 has not been favourable to the poor. The underlying reason for this disparity appears to be the slow growth in agriculture, on which most rural poor make a living. However, we argue that the development of agriculture alone would not enable sustainable poverty alleviation in Tanzania. Instead, the country needs to emphasize both productivity improvements in smallscale agriculture and growth in non-farm employment. Increased farm production will only enable higher farm incomes if a greater supply of agricultural products is matched with greater demand for those products. Growth in non-farm sectors and greater urban job creation are crucial to creating such demand.
In addressing generalized poverty, social protection strategies have taken a promotive approach whereby strategies are extended to areas such as strengthening the production capabilities of the poor. This approach emphasizes the design of public actions for helping people to manage risk and adversity, but also contributes to larger policy objectives of economic growth and poverty […]
In Quest of Inclusive Growth: Exploring the Nexus between Economic Growth, Employment, and Poverty in Tanzania
Tanzania’s impressive economic growth during the past decade has not resulted in significant poverty reduction. It is in that context that this study seeks to analyze the nexus between economic growth, employment, and poverty in a manner that contributes to the understanding of how the rate poverty reduction can be accelerated
Natural gas, like many other natural endowments, is a finite resource. Its consumption today is a subtraction from, and detrimental to, the resources of future generations. Therefore, the extraction of finite resources must be based on, and guided by, broad and long-term considerations instead of being limited to immediate and short-term proceeds and benefits. Put […]
Increasingly, setting the institutional arrangements for remunerating high public officeholders (HPOs) is seen as a central design issue for improving governance. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), recent efforts to review and revise national constitutions and/or introduce new government structures have brought this issue to the fore. Changes in these “grand institutions” provide rare opportunities to devise […]