This study examines the gazetting of Derema Forest Corridor (DFC) in the Usambara Mountains of north-eastern Tanzania to become a national forest reserve and how this process affected the livelihoods within local communities and forest conservation outcomes. For decades the Tanzanian government has been acting to conserve the forests of the Eastern Usambara Mountains because of their biodiversity and importance as a water catchment. In the mid-1970s, the government realized that Derema, an unprotected forest corridor of 956 hectares, contributed to the fragmentation of the continuous forest belt which covered the mountains. To reduce fragmentation, the government sought to link the Derema Forest Corridor to Amani Nature Reserve (ANR). In 2000, the communities in five villages adjacent to Derema Forest agreed to abandon the cultivation of high-value crops inside the forest— including cardamom, black pepper and cloves which were extremely important to household incomes and local livelihoods—and give up their land to the government for conservation in return for adequate compensation.
Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania This study assessed the contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District. Specifically, it assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM
Inequality is a renowned development challenge and understanding it, at the country level, is important for three reasons. The first reason comes from a philosophical argument. Philosophically, equality is an integral part of a just society and distributive justice is an aspect that is not only fundamentally egalitarian in nature but also is morally impartial.1 […]
This study assessed the targeting approaches used in social protection initiatives to improve the livelihoods of the Most Vulnerable Children (MVC). A cross-sectional study was carried out in Singida District and Singida municipality and relied on mixed methods in data collection and analysis.
Local Communities in the Uluguru Mountains Case Study This paper presents the results of research undertaken to assess the impacts of MF services on livelihoods and environmental conservation. The overall objective was to assess the effectiveness of different MF models in reducing income poverty and inducing the adoption of environmental conservation practices in local communities […]