This brief draws from a research report titled “Assessing women empowerment in Tanzania: the case of the Productive Social Safety Net Programme”. The research was funded by the International Development Centre (IDRC) as part of a research programme on “Growth and Opportunities for Women” and supported by the Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF). It is based on the analysis of culture, religious and legal factors that affect the empowerment of women through Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs). Its main thrust is that for women’s empowerment and disempowerment to be clearly understood, there is a need for a deeper analysis of factors that enable and constrain women’s capabilities to assert themselves as they struggle to fit into the gendered spaces and ladders of power in their households and communities. CCTs are aimed at enabling the poorest of the poor to meet their basic needs while they find ways to get out of poverty. Poverty in Tanzania is more prevalent in rural areas and among women. Evidence from this study indicates that although both women and men experience poverty, women tend to suffer more from poverty because of prevailing cultural and religious beliefs and practices, legal systems, and household leadership structures. These combine with other institutional and systemic factors to adversely affect poverty and prosperity among women.
The petroleum sector is characterized by substantial rents when discovered and developed. However, such rents are inherently volatile and finite. The effects of these returns to the economy especially for the emerging markets depend on how well such revenues are collected and managed. The purpose of this brief is to examine the effectiveness of the […]
Measuring user’s satisfaction with the public goods and services are an important component of organizational performance strategies for continual improvement (OECD, 2013). It is also a means of allowing policymakers to understand their customer base, helping to identify needs or gaps in accessibility (OECD, 2013). Public services are key determinant of quality of life and […]
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]