The growing rural-to-urban migration, which is dominated by young people aged 15–35, is increasing the urban youth unemployment rate and driving the escalation of urban poverty in Tanzania.1 Using the national definition, the employment rate for urban youth aged 15–24 and 25–35 was 39.1 per cent and 69.5 per cent, respectively, in 2006 (NBS, 2007: 24). In Dar-es-Salaam, the country’s main urban centre, the total unemployment rate for those aged 15 and above was 31.5 per cent. Urban unemployment rates are consistently and significantly higher in urban areas compared to the national average of 11.7 per cent. Youth unemployment rates were also higher among those aged 15–24 (14.9 per cent) and 25–34 (11.8 per cent), versus those aged 35–64 (9.6 per cent) and 65 and above (9.2 per cent).
Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania This study assessed the contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District. Specifically, it assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM
Inequality is a renowned development challenge and understanding it, at the country level, is important for three reasons. The first reason comes from a philosophical argument. Philosophically, equality is an integral part of a just society and distributive justice is an aspect that is not only fundamentally egalitarian in nature but also is morally impartial.1 […]
This study assessed the targeting approaches used in social protection initiatives to improve the livelihoods of the Most Vulnerable Children (MVC). A cross-sectional study was carried out in Singida District and Singida municipality and relied on mixed methods in data collection and analysis.
Local Communities in the Uluguru Mountains Case Study This paper presents the results of research undertaken to assess the impacts of MF services on livelihoods and environmental conservation. The overall objective was to assess the effectiveness of different MF models in reducing income poverty and inducing the adoption of environmental conservation practices in local communities […]