This brief examines how the process of decentralization by devolution in Tanzania affects local democracy and the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery. The most common arguments for democratic decentralization in the literature are two, an efficiency argument and a normative argument. The efficiency argument is based on the fact that knowledge about needs and challenges in the local communities, and thereby the ability to act on that knowledge, is embedded better at the local administrative level. Local governments can interact better with local citizens than central governments due to their geographic proximity. People’s demands and needs are channeled to public officials more easily than in a centralized system. The normative argument for decentralization is one of democracy: true decentralization involves the devolution of real power: elected local councils can decide over the allocation of resources in their respective units. In that way, people can decide how local resources should be spent and hence they can influence decisions about resource allocation that have a direct impact on their lives.
Hii ni taarifa fupi itokanayo na utafiti wa kitaalam kuhusu mchango wa mfumo rasmi na usiorasmi wa elimu, na upatikanaji wa ardhi na mikopo kwa uzalishaji kwenye kilimo Tanzania katika maeneo ya vijijini. Uchambuzi uliofanywa unasisitiza umuhimu wa elimu rasmi na ile isiyo rasmi, upatikanaji wa ardhi, na uzoefu wa muda mrefu wa stadi za […]
Mabadiliko ya Kitaasisi na Vikwazo vya Ushindani Kwenye Masoko: Tafiti Kuhusu Wakulima Wadogo Tanzania
Historia ya sera nchini Tanzania imekuwa ni ya mabadiliko ya mara kwa mara ambayo lengo lake limekuwa ni kuongeza ufanisi na uzalishaji katika sekta muhimu za uchumi. Dokezo hili linatoa muhtasari wa kitabu kilichotokana na utafiti uliochunguza uwezo wa mabadiliko mbali mbali ya sera kuiongezea sekta ya kilimo, hususan wakulima wadogo, nguvu ya ushindani katika […]
A case study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after more than a decade of […]
This book focuses on the role of rural development policy and its contribution to poverty reduction in Tanzania. It has seven chapters starting with an introduction on Ujamaa policy; chapter two on the role of education in creating capacity for innovation among smallholder farmers and chapter three on the introduction of tiller technology in selected […]