This brief examines how the process of decentralization by devolution in Tanzania affects local democracy and the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery. The most common arguments for democratic decentralization in the literature are two, an efficiency argument and a normative argument. The efficiency argument is based on the fact that knowledge about needs and challenges in the local communities, and thereby the ability to act on that knowledge, is embedded better at the local administrative level. Local governments can interact better with local citizens than central governments due to their geographic proximity. People’s demands and needs are channeled to public officials more easily than in a centralized system. The normative argument for decentralization is one of democracy: true decentralization involves the devolution of real power: elected local councils can decide over the allocation of resources in their respective units. In that way, people can decide how local resources should be spent and hence they can influence decisions about resource allocation that have a direct impact on their lives.
The petroleum sector is characterized by substantial rents when discovered and developed. However, such rents are inherently volatile and finite. The effects of these returns to the economy especially for the emerging markets depend on how well such revenues are collected and managed. The purpose of this brief is to examine the effectiveness of the […]
The Impact of Cultural, Religious and Legal Factors on Women’s Empowerment through Conditional Cash Transfers
This brief draws from a research report titled “Assessing women empowerment in Tanzania: the case of the Productive Social Safety Net Programme”. The research was funded by the International Development Centre (IDRC) as part of a research programme on “Growth and Opportunities for Women” and supported by the Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF). It is […]
Measuring user’s satisfaction with the public goods and services are an important component of organizational performance strategies for continual improvement (OECD, 2013). It is also a means of allowing policymakers to understand their customer base, helping to identify needs or gaps in accessibility (OECD, 2013). Public services are key determinant of quality of life and […]
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]