This policy brief highlights some key aspects of institutional and legal frameworks guiding the central-local relations in Tanzania Mainland. The past decades have seen a major set of initiatives by the central government to reform and modernize its local governments. Although there are specific policy and legal reforms, there has been a strong trend towards recentralization of powers.
The findings reported in this brief were collected from a critical review of the literature including various government reports, policies, regulations, laws and other secondary data, along with interviews with sectoral ministries (MDAs) responsible for key social and economic services and officers from the Local
Government Authorities (LGAs), the Regional Secretariats (RS). In-depth fieldwork was carried out in Kilimanjaro and Njombe Regions in 2017. The goal of the in-depth research on the sampled two regions in Tanzania was not to construct a representative picture of institutional and legal analysis of D-by-D in Tanzania but to acquire a better understanding of the way different factors result in specific relations and practices. The brief also draws some ideas from other studies undertaken on the subject matter pertaining to decentralization by devolution in Tanzania.
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy. Capturing value through agro-processing, […]
Hii ni taarifa fupi itokanayo na utafiti wa kitaalam kuhusu mchango wa mfumo rasmi na usiorasmi wa elimu, na upatikanaji wa ardhi na mikopo kwa uzalishaji kwenye kilimo Tanzania katika maeneo ya vijijini. Uchambuzi uliofanywa unasisitiza umuhimu wa elimu rasmi na ile isiyo rasmi, upatikanaji wa ardhi, na uzoefu wa muda mrefu wa stadi za […]
Mabadiliko ya Kitaasisi na Vikwazo vya Ushindani Kwenye Masoko: Tafiti Kuhusu Wakulima Wadogo Tanzania
Historia ya sera nchini Tanzania imekuwa ni ya mabadiliko ya mara kwa mara ambayo lengo lake limekuwa ni kuongeza ufanisi na uzalishaji katika sekta muhimu za uchumi. Dokezo hili linatoa muhtasari wa kitabu kilichotokana na utafiti uliochunguza uwezo wa mabadiliko mbali mbali ya sera kuiongezea sekta ya kilimo, hususan wakulima wadogo, nguvu ya ushindani katika […]
A case study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after more than a decade of […]