The third phase government under President Benjamin Mkapa vigorously sustained economic reforms that were first introduced in Tanzania the mid-1980s. The resulting macroeconomic achievements of recent years have been impressive, especially since the second half of the last decade. In 2004, GDP growth reached 6.7%, the average inflation rate declined from 27% in 1995 to 4%, domestic revenue collection increased threefold between 1995 and 2004, and the value of exports increased by 18% in 2004 alone. Furthermore, the balance of payments has improved to the extent that currently, Tanzania has foreign exchange reserves sufficient to cover 7 months imports of goods and services.
In successive Afrobarometer survey rounds, more than seven of 10 Tanzanians have said they feel free to say what they think, placing Tanzania near the top among African countries in perceived freedom of speech. The Tanzanian news media environment, however, is only partly free, according to Freedom House assessments, and recent years have witnessed extensive […]
Political accountability in East African countries: Who should make MPs and councillors do their jobs?
One of the critical challenges facing African countries today is how to make governments work for the people – using resources at their disposal efficiently, delivering public goods and services, and guaranteeing an equitable distribution of opportunities and national income among citizens. In many places, systems of checks and balances have not lived up to […]
Tanzanian Citizens Assess The Performance Of Parliament And Consider Its Responsibility For Legislation And Oversight
The key roles of legislatures are drafting, enacting (passing, amending and repealing) laws and exercising oversight over the executive branch of the government. In a democracy, legislators perform these roles as representatives of the people. In order to perform its essential functions, the legislative body, in this case, the Parliament of Tanzania, must be a […]
The survey results indicate that more citizens are aware of their tax obligations when access to tax information is easy. Furthermore, citizen’s educational attainment is associated with greater awareness of tax obligations, while urban residents are more often aware of their tax obligations than rural residents. Based on this evidence, the brief recommends improving access […]