A case study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania
This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after more than a decade of implementing civic engagement reforms little is known of how: One, the public participates in the formulation of the reforms and in implementation processes, and Two, the influence, if any, of the community on service provision. The study adopted a case study of water and sanitation of Kawe ward, a local authority area in Kinondoni,
Tanzania. It drew on the literatures on public service reforms, civic engagement and historical institutionalism to provide an in-depth, qualitative, rich description of public service reforms, civic engagement and the interactions between civic and organisational actors in defining the provision of water and sanitation services in the case study area.
Fieldwork for the study was conducted between March and July 2014. Overall, the study established the following two key findings:
– Policy prescriptions for civic engagement in water and sanitation are less than clear. Profound rule ambiguities define the institutional frameworks and processes that produce mixed effects on how civic engagement influences service provision in water and sanitation.
– Reform design in water and sanitation in Tanzania suggests that not enough collective attention has been paid to the conditions required to make civic engagement and other wider reforms in more effective.
This study makes a contribution to the public service reforms and civic engagement literatures by analysing the political and practical complexities underpinning the implementation of civic engagement reforms. It recommends that policy stakeholders, particularly the state, need to review the institutions for civic engagement in a bid to resolve these ambiguities through improved specificity, clarity and resources that will improve the attainment of common objectives in water and sanitation.
Hii ni taarifa fupi itokanayo na utafiti wa kitaalam kuhusu mchango wa mfumo rasmi na usiorasmi wa elimu, na upatikanaji wa ardhi na mikopo kwa uzalishaji kwenye kilimo Tanzania katika maeneo ya vijijini. Uchambuzi uliofanywa unasisitiza umuhimu wa elimu rasmi na ile isiyo rasmi, upatikanaji wa ardhi, na uzoefu wa muda mrefu wa stadi za […]
Mabadiliko ya Kitaasisi na Vikwazo vya Ushindani Kwenye Masoko: Tafiti Kuhusu Wakulima Wadogo Tanzania
Historia ya sera nchini Tanzania imekuwa ni ya mabadiliko ya mara kwa mara ambayo lengo lake limekuwa ni kuongeza ufanisi na uzalishaji katika sekta muhimu za uchumi. Dokezo hili linatoa muhtasari wa kitabu kilichotokana na utafiti uliochunguza uwezo wa mabadiliko mbali mbali ya sera kuiongezea sekta ya kilimo, hususan wakulima wadogo, nguvu ya ushindani katika […]
This book focuses on the role of rural development policy and its contribution to poverty reduction in Tanzania. It has seven chapters starting with an introduction on Ujamaa policy; chapter two on the role of education in creating capacity for innovation among smallholder farmers and chapter three on the introduction of tiller technology in selected […]
The petroleum sector is characterized by substantial rents when discovered and developed. However, such rents are inherently volatile and finite. The effects of these returns to the economy especially for the emerging markets depend on how well such revenues are collected and managed. The purpose of this brief is to examine the effectiveness of the […]