Posted: Sunday February 22, 2015 9:00 AM BT

A global coalition against corruption, Transparency International has called on countries at the bottom line of the 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index to adopt radical anti-corruption measures in favour of their people.

According to the 2014 CPI report recently published by the global accountability pressure group, corruption is a problem for all countries. A poor score is likely a sign of widespread bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public institutions that don’t respond to citizens’ needs.

In this context, Transparency International called on countries at the top of the index where public sector corruption is limited to stop encouraging it elsewhere by doing more to prevent money laundering and to stop secret companies from masking corruption.

“Countries at the top of the index should make sure they don’t export corrupt practices to underdeveloped countries,” said José Ugaz, Chair of Transparency International in a statement.

The report has highlighted that poorly equipped schools, counterfeit medicine and elections decided by money are just some of the consequences of public sector corruption.

“Bribes and backroom deals don’t just steal resources from the most vulnerable – they undermine justice and economic development, and destroy public trust in government and leaders,” reads part of the report.

The report also highlighted that, in Sub-Saharan Africa, 92 percent of countries score below 50 out of 100 including Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and Burundi, all members of the East African Community (EAC).

It further states that despite the government putting in place various strategies targeting on combating corruption amongst public officials, Tanzania has been highlighted as one among highly corrupt states in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Based on the report, Tanzania is among countries where public sector corruption is perceived to be greatest among those included in the list of 175 countries.

The 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index released late last year measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 175 countries and territories where top performer Denmark has strong rule of law, support for civil society and clear rules governing the behaviour of those in public positions.

In the 20th edition of the Corruption Perceptions Index published by Transparency International scores for Tanzania are at 31 (out of 100), Kenya (25) Uganda (26), and Burundi (20) and Rwanda (49) in the East Africa region.

Based on expert opinion from around the world, the Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption worldwide, and it paints an alarming picture.

Meanwhile, the newly launched corruption report by the Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) says the Prevention and Combating of Corruption Bureau (PCCB) is among leading public institutions in corruption, placed at 29 percent bribery returns ranking nationwide.

The survey was conducted in the Mainland and Zanzibar between August and September last year under Repoa’s Afrobarometer Round 6 Survey, involving 2,386 respondents evaluating the ranking level of corruption in various government institutions.

But the anti-corruption crusaders hold the fourth position from the top, with the first and the runner-up positions being taken by the Police and tax collectors respectively. The third position is held by judges and magistrates, claiming 36 percent of the bribe shares.
 
Presenting the findings of the report titled “After more than a decade of fighting corruption: How much progress” in Dar es Salaam yesterday, Repoa researcher Rose Aiko said the public perception on government effort to fight corruption is mostly negative, though the public commends what has been done by the government in the past two years.

SOURCE: THE GUARDIAN

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