People optimistic things will improve in five years, A Public opinion survey to solicit and consolidate views of Tanzanians on poverty progress indicators has shown that most problems afflicting the country remained unchanged.
A Public opinion survey to solicit and consolidate views of Tanzanians on poverty progress indicators has shown that most problems afflicting the country remained unchanged.
However, the findings showed that in spite of an adverse evaluation of government performance, Tanzanians remain optimistic on the government delivering on key problems afflicting them within the next five years.
Presenting the Afrobarometer findings in Dar es Salam yesterday, Director of Research on Governance and Service Delivery with Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) Jamal Msami said that the survey was conducted between May and June, this year using among others a series of nationally agreed indicators as the framework of analysis.
He said the results were organized in three themes which were effectiveness of government, public service delivery, and livelihoods and the macroeconomy which reflected the essence of Tanzania’s Five Year Development Plan and the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty.
The evidence from round five of the survey suggested a sustained prevalence of problems afflicting the
country at large with the list of most important problems remaining largely unchanged from round 4 of the survey in 2008.
Msami said that the findings also showed that the economy and food shortages notwithstanding, the importance of social services in underlining faith in the government is more pronounced with the recurrence of shortfalls in the services in the list of most important areas in dire need of attention.
According to the findings there were more people in 2012 than in 2008 who deemed the government to have underperformed in handling the economy.
Msami said generally the composite assessment of the government’s performance notwithstanding, the 2012 survey yields more negative responses and fewer corresponding positive ones in almost all aspects of government conduct compared to 2008.
He said in spite of an adverse evaluation of government performance, Tanzanians remain optimistic on the government delivering on key problems within the next five years.
“When asked about the likelihood of the central government solving the most important problems, two thirds (66 percent) of respondents remain confident on the government’s likelihood to solve them, compared to less than 1 in 10 who remained overly pessimistic on the government’s ability to deliver,” he said.
On public service delivery, findings showed that various interventions have been instituted to address the interlinked social ills afflicting the country.
The survey also indicated that at the national level, about 8 percent of adults reported that their children had received free food when attending school, an observation that corroborates the success of the programme as an incentive in encouraging enrolment in public schools.
Msami said that comparison of perceptions between this year’s survey and round 4 of the survey in 2008, revealed overall general adverse assessment of personal living conditions as almost two thirds (64 percent) of all adult Tanzanians did not have a job that paid them a wage compared to 56 percent in 2008.
However he said in both 2012 and 2008, more than half (53 and 54 percent respectively) of all adults claimed to have gone without enough food to eat at least once in the preceding 12 months.
For his part REPOA Executive Director Samuel Wagwe questioned the reason behind people’s optimism on the government delivering on key problems afflicting them within the next five years.
“The public is not satisfied with the life situation but surprisingly they are optimistic that things will change in the next five years,” Prof Wangwe said.
The Afrobarometer is a comparative series of public attitude surveys, covering up to 35 African countries in Round 5 (2011-2013). It measures public attitudes on democracy and its alternatives, evaluations of the quality of governance and economic performance. REPOA is the national implementation Partner of Afrobarometer.