Rural communities in Tanzania depend entirely on subsistence agriculture, and these are the most affected population by climate change impacts; furthermore, the population groups that are most vulnerable to climate change impacts are women, children, and the disabled. In Tanzania, like most African countries, women and girls are the ones who are involved in domestic works including fetching water, and most of the agricultural activities. Thus, water scarcity associated with drying up of water sources because more stress to women and children.
By 2050 approximately 70% more food will have to be produced to feed growing populations, particularly in developing countries. Agriculture is already causing increased conversion of lands and placing greater pressure on biological diversity and natural resource functions than ever before. As climate change causes temperatures to rise and precipitation patterns to change, more weather extremes will potentially reduce global food production.
Tanzania Environment Policy Action Node intends to enhance environmental risk management and climate change adaptation by small holder farmers in Tanzania. The project is undertaken in the breadbasket areas covering five districts of Songea, Kilolo, Mbarali, Mbeya Rural and Sumbawanga. The overall aim of the project is to improve food security and income for smallholder farmers in Tanzania breadbasket area by increasing their adaptation and resilience to climate change through changes in policy and practice.
The partner organizations have identified three objectives to work with during the project timeframe. These are, to increase the understanding, among policy makers and various stakeholders especially women, of the impacts of climate change on breadbasket areas of Tanzania, to contribute to the development and adoption of a comprehensive agriculture climate change strategy for increased climate change resilience of smallholder farmers, and to enhance the implementation of new climate change strategy.
In order to accomplish these objectives, stakeholders came together on 28th Aug, 2015) in order to share experience and knowledge on climate smart agriculture. This knowledge has been generated during the lifetime of the project. The exchange at this event is expected to be communicated to the wider public in order to increase awareness of climate change challenges to agriculture and how best they can be addressed.
The Tanzania Environment Policy Action Node is a multi-stakeholder programme, involving 6 partner organizations from both public and academia. The programme is coordinated by The Open University of Tanzania (OUT). Other members of the Environment Policy Action Node are University of Dar Es Salaam through IRA, Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), REPOA, the Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives (MAFC) and TAFORI. The project is funded by AGRA