Patterns of Accumulation and Structural Change
This working paper explores past processes of economic transformation in Tanzania, particularly since the economic reforms of the 1980s. The paper starts with the premise that it is not sufficient to look at the evolution of the rate of economic growth to assess the macroeconomic performance of the economy, particularly when making inferences about its impact on poverty reduction. What matters as well is the analysis of the changing patterns of accumulation and structural change that accompanied this process of economic growth. The approach of this paper consists of looking at the data cautiously by triangulating different bits of macro data – taking account of the accounting frameworks within which they are constructed – in order to pinpoint the varied and sometimes contradictory stories they tell, leaving ample room (we hope) for ourselves and for the reader to ponder whether the patterns revealed in the data make reasonable sense in the light of our admittedly subjective hunches and qualitative feel of the Tanzanian economy in terms of both its history and its changing structure.
Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?
The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one of the leading producers and exporters of natural gas in the coming decade. However, 88 percent of poor Tanzanians live in rural areas and two-thirds […]
This study has explored how quality issues in delivering family planning services (supply side), and attitudinal and behavioural issues of the potential users (demand side) merge together to influence adoption of family planning methods. The subject was explored by blending Bruce’s (1990) quality of care of family planning services framework with an access framework with […]
We use methods developed by the Commitment to Equity and data from the 2011/12 Household Budget Survey to assess the effects of government taxation, social spending, and indirect subsidies for poverty and inequality in Tanzania. We also simulate several policy reforms to assess their distributional consequences. We find that Tanzania redistributes more than expected given […]
The Invisibility of Wage Employment in Statistics on the Informal Economy in Africa: Causes and Consequences
Through a Tanzanian case study, this paper challenges the claim, along with the statistics that support it, that self-employment is the dominant employment status in the informal economy. The paper begins by reviewing key insights from the relevant literature on the informal economy to argue that conventional notions of ‘wage employment’ and ‘self-employment’, while unfit […]