Background to the study: Agriculture is the leading sector of the Tanzanian economy and the most critical for inclusive pro-poor growth. Agriculture provides employment for more than three-quarters of the population, accounts for 75% of the country’s exports, and contributes almost 50% to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Cocoa was introduced into Tanzania in the 1950s and was being grown commercially within a decade. Although it tends to be considered a relatively minor non-traditional cash crop, it currently supports an estimated 25,000 farmers and their families (or around 100,000 people). At the moment, around 80% of the country’s crop comes from a single district – Kyela in Mbeya region – where conditions for cocoa cultivation are near perfect. The majority of plants are grown there in organic conditions, by smallholders on plots well below a hectare, and sold directly from farms for export. The distinctive flavour of Tanzanian cocoa has recently been attracting the attention of the international cocoa world, but much is still needed for the country’s crop to reach its full potential.
The global economy has encountered a slowdown in growth and capital flows in the last few years. The global downturn has in part been a product of lower than expected growth from some of the leading economies, mainly China and the European Union, geopolitical friction, trade disputes, disruptive weather patterns and a declining demand for […]
A Research Agenda Tanzania has since the 1990s undertaken a comprehensive reform agenda focusing on several areas including macro-fiscal and public financial management policies that address systems and processes that form fiscal structures. This focus had as its broad objective to contribute to the achievement of macroeconomic stability and sustainable and inclusive growth and poverty […]
Are there Employment Prospects for Partnered Women in Tanzania when Migrating? Evidence from the National Panel Data
This study considers the effects of family migration on labor market outcomes for the migrant partnered women. Whereas most partnered women are ‘tied’ migrants, results from the dynamic random effects model establish that, migrant women who were not employed in their previous places of residence are more likely to find jobs than similar non-migrant women. […]
Challenges, Prospects & Policy Options for Tanzania Assessing competitiveness of such a dynamic sector as Manufacturing can be a daunting task, not least because of the various issues that need to be taken into consideration in its definition, measurement and profiles. This study has attempted to define and measure the competitiveness of Tanzanian Manufacturing sector […]