This brief summarises the findings of a study on social protection of elderly in Tanzania. The study began by analysing the current status of living arrangements and material well-being of Tanzanians over 60 years of age, using data from the 2007 Household Budget Survey (HBS 2007) conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics and the Views of the People 2007 survey (VoP 2007) conducted by Research on Poverty Alleviation. It then assessed the affordability of a universal pension for all persons over age 60 or 65 years, set at the food poverty line. Finally, it explored the implications of introducing an old-age pension on the socio-economic and political attitudes and behaviours of Tanzanians.
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]