A Comparative Analysis with a Focus on Tanzania
The Public Accounts Committee is one of the standing committees of the Parliament of Tanzania. Among its major functions, the Committee is responsible for scrutinizing government expenditures, government financial year accounts and any other accounts presented to the National Assembly as the Committee deems fit to examine. It is also mandated to scrutinize the report of the Controller and Auditor General (CAG). In exercising these functions, it is the duty of the committee to see that money reflected in the estimates of expenditure are expended as authorized and that expenditures are duly authorized by the appropriate authorities under existing accounting procedures. Committee members are drawn from sitting Members of Parliament (MPs) and are appointed by the Speaker. The PAC is an important body for overseeing the implementation of the budget and the use of public monies.
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]