Poverty level remains quite high in the country, more so in rural than urban areas. As the Household Budget Survey of 2012 shows, while 10% and 28% of Tanzanians are below food and basic needs poverty lines respectively, the corresponding figures for rural areas are 11% and 33% respectively (URT, 2014). Marketing problems for small-holder farmers, including certain government interventions, their poor organization, and poor value chain development have been identified as among major bottlenecks to farm household incomes. National Food Reserve Agency (NFRA) could potentially provide part of the solution to these problems through its role as an agency for ensuring food security, and through its role as a price, a stabilizer to increase farmers’ income if they buy at relatively higher than market prices that prevail at harvest. The latter role is even more important as many farmers tend to sell their outputs immediately after harvest for immediate cash needs for a variety of needs.
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]