Opportunities for Improvement
This brief discusses the scope for improving agricultural input subsidies with reference to the implementation of NAIVS in Tanzania (2010/11– 2011/12). It begins with the importance of awareness of NAIVS and examines the awareness levels among the farmers in the programme. The discussion then addresses the challenges encountered in service delivery, particularly with reference to the Village Voucher Committee, which is responsible for administering the input subsidies. The brief concludes with policy recommendations.
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.
A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and a potential exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) during the next decades.
Targeted Not Blanket Allocation, is key to improving effectiveness of input use through voucher schemes
Agriculture development strategies continue to play an integral role in the economies and livelihoods of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of their predominantly agrarian economies and agriculture provides employment to large proportions of the population. Despite their importance to local economies, these strategies have historically been driven by funding from international development agencies. […]
The literature on political economy of decentralization underscores the importance of intergovernmental transfers as a vehicle for achieving national social, economic and political policy goals when administrative and financial powers are devolved to lower levels of government. Decentralization left without considering the capacity of authorities to raise enough resources and address needs will enhance inequity […]