Since independence in 1961, Tanzania declared war against three social enemies, which are ignorance, poverty, and diseases. The fight against ignorance was to succeed by giving special attention to the education sector. Thus, throughout the history of Tanzania, education is regarded a key priority for development that impacts the lives of people (Rajani & Omondi, 2003). The importance attached to the education sector manifests itself in various national development frameworks. From early 2000s, the Poverty Reduction Strategy identified education as one of the priority social sector. Later during implementation of the successor National Strategy for Growth and Poverty Reduction (MKUKUTA), emphasized improvement of quality of life and social well-being, which included education, health, and water as one of its three outcome areas. The most recent second Five-Year Development Plan covering the period 2016/17 to 2020/21 also gives special attention to the education sector as a key quality enhancer of the country’s labour force in realizing the National Development Vision 2025, which aimed to take the country to the middle-income status, driven by industrialization by 2025 (URT, 2016).
The Internet has the potential to improve public administration, service delivery, and citizen engagement (Castells, 2009; Chadwick, 2006, 2013). In the early 2000s, the Tanzania government adopted online government information provision and established the technical standards and guidelines for government websites in 2014 (United Republic of Tanzania, 2014). E-information stands for provision of information via […]
Good health is indispensable towards promoting the well-being of people as well as the nation’s development (World Bank, 2016). Tanzania like many other developing countries has marked health as a priority matter that needs much attention – making the country committed to goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals of 2030 (Lee & Tarimo, 2018). […]
Recognizing the crucial role that domestic revenue mobilisation plays in financing sustainable development, governments in developing countries have increased interest in taxing informal businesses to increase domestic revenue collections (Joshi & Ayee, 2008). However, the sector is often characterized by unregistered businesses and poor tax administrative systems, resulting in a substantially reduced tax basis.The sector […]
Tanzania has achieved sustained rates of economic growth for the past ten years and is moving towards middle income status. Maintaining these gains while ensuring that development is inclusive is a core objective of the second National Five-Year Development Plan which places industrialisation as the key pillar of national development strategy.