Perspectives on Development Risks and Opportunities from the Global South
Emerging and developing countries have grown faster than advanced countries since the 2000s. This shifting weight of global economic activity from ‘the West’ to ‘East and South’ is referred to as ‘shifting wealth’. But in recent years, several factors, such as lower commodity prices, seem to have brought this movement to a pause. Is the period of rapid growth in the emerging world over? This anthology takes stock of the situation and goes beyond the ‘shifting wealth’ narrative. It offers a forward-looking perspective on global risks and development opportunities over the next 15 years. It collects the perspectives of thought leaders from developing and emerging economies, offering their views and solutions on the most pressing global development challenges. The first chapter provides the OECD Development Centre’s analysis of major development trends. These trends include slowing growth in China, the end of the commodity supercycle, increasing difficulty accessing global financial markets, demographic transitions, faltering job creation, rapid urbanisation, the negative effects of climate change and conflict and security. These challenges also provide development opportunities. Twelve thought leaders and development practitioners from the global South explore these opportunities in four thematic chapters. They deal with issues such as: structural transformation in a new macro environment; inclusive societies; energy and the environment; and new forms of development co-operation. The anthology provides a starting point for dialogue and exchange on these risks and challenges as well as potential solutions to them.
This book focuses on a selected number of policy interventions in the agricultural sector with the view to determining factors that have supported or constrained the success of these interventions in poverty reduction which is the main objective of development initiatives and interventions in Tanzania.
A Case Study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania This research examines the role of civic engagement in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation in Tanzania. This issue is timely because, after more than a decade of implementing civic engagement reforms, little is known on how the public participates in […]
Throughout the history of Tanzania, agriculture has been considered the back bone of its economy. Its contribution to the export earnings has been sizable. Its role in ensuring domestic food security has always been very important. Even more importantly, it employs more than 70% of the population, most ofthem living in rural areas where poverty […]
Case Studies of Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania The research informing this book examines the potential for various forms of institutional innovations in building competitiveness of smallholder agriculture in Tanzania. It was inspired by a review of the performance of the agricultural sector since Tanzanian independence in 1961, from which it is hypothesized that persistent structural […]