Challenges, Prospects & Policy Options for Tanzania Assessing competitiveness of such a dynamic sector as Manufacturing can be a daunting task, not least because of the various issues that need to be taken into consideration in its definition, measurement and profiles. This study has attempted to define and measure the competitiveness of Tanzanian Manufacturing sector within a small set of indicators and informed by the context of the study based on its Terms of reference. Overall, we find that the level of Tanzania’s manufacturing competitiveness has been improving gradually since 2007 in two ways. First, based on the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI), Tanzania has been performing strongly in areas of macroeconomic environment and institutions. Second and more importantly, productivity within the industrial manufacturing sector has been improving, albeit at a small extent. However, in both of these aspects, our analysis identified areas where Tanzania has continued to perform poorly or factors holding Tanzania’s ability to leapfrog in competitiveness space. For instance, from the GCI, Tanzania scores low in innovation and sophistication factors, higher education and training. Furthermore, reflecting low export capacity, Tanzania is positioned among the bottom countries in our MECI estimation falling behind Rwanda and Kenya.
How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery The deep economic recession triggered by COVID-19 continues to have profound economic and social consequences. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, unemployment rates have rapidly increased in most developing and advanced economies, and poverty rates have begun to rise again, reversing the gains achieved over the […]
This paper investigates the leather value chain in Tanzania. Tanzania has large livestock production that potentially provides raw materials for the leather industry but the contribution of the leather industry in the economy is remarkably minimal. Analysis finds that challenges related to inadequate livestock management, limited coordination of downstream and upstream activities, low capacity utilisation […]
Property taxation in Tanzania is one among sources that the government can potentially and largely use to widen its tax base and increase revenue collection. Being directly visible to taxpayers, by design it is relatively easier from the taxpayers’ perspective to easily link the collected revenue to improved provision of local services. Thus, property tax […]
The global economy has encountered a slowdown in growth and capital flows in the last few years. The global downturn has in part been a product of lower than expected growth from some of the leading economies, mainly China and the European Union, geopolitical friction, trade disputes, disruptive weather patterns and a declining demand for […]